System description of proposed Farm Management Information System (FMIS)

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The outcome of this work package includes a description of a farm management information system which allows more intelligent decisions about the use of different input sources, treatments and information management systems (incl. precision farming systems) for a number of crop rotation systems. To achieve this, it was decided to assess the cost structure and potential benefit for these crop rotation systems for different technologies. Focus is on commonly produced crops in different European regions including wheat, rape seed, sugar beets, maize and other cereals, cotton or other crops. For selected systems (in order to support WP 4), the model description makes a distinction between management at the strategic level (investment in new technology), the tactical level (farmers seed and crop choice etc.) and the operational level (decisions about nitrogen applications and pesticides at a particular time). However most of the focus in this model description is on the operational level. With this approach we will estimate the cost of different information-intensive and safety systems for different scale capacities and compare it to conventional systems. Potential benefits related to these systems such as: labour and fuel savings or higher work quality will be estimated and used to quantify the new factor productivities. The model will be based on risk-averse behaviour and economic optimisation for different management scenarios in different rotations with different technology and technical safety levels. For the model the following techniques will be investigated further at an operational level, taking into account (1) Variable rate application technology and (2) Information management for improved logistics: - Automated steering and optimized route planning - Planning of fertilizer application and variable rate application. - Variable herbicide spraying based on weed maps and weather forecast - Variable rate cultivation of soils based on soil maps - Harvest logistics harvest timing with fleet management - Variable rate seeding - Chlorophyll content measuring before harvesting to optimize harvest procedures - Management of areal subsidies In the analysis of different systems we may also have to include the following: For Precision farming: 1. Variable Rate Pesticides (insects and fungi) and 2. Variable Rate irrigation (especially in Southern Europe) For Information Management we may have to include: (1) Automated farm record keeping, (2) Ad-hoc guidance and advice for carrying out organic farming and (3) Route-planning for autonomous vehicles in agriculture The above systems will be aggregated in terms of their broader socioeconomic impact.

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